Each jewelry Gemstone has its own name and certain properties. The master of jewelry & Gemstones is able to emphasize the properties of any nugget or precise facet, which creates a certain light play, which is a complex frame.

To achieve a great effect in the manufacture of jewelry, you need experience, deep knowledge of the properties of different types of precious Gemstones, and a sense of aesthetic composition. In this section, we will tell in detail about the features of all types of precious Gemstones.

What are the precious Gemstones?

On our planet, more than 4,000 natural Gemstones with different properties, compositions of chemical elements, and structures. Only some of them after processing and polishing find a bright shine. Due to these unique properties, they became known as “precious”, an official list of types of natural Gemstones was compiled from the photo. But due to the slowness of processes occurring in the earth’s crust, these resources are considered non-renewable – their number in nature is strictly limited.

List of properties of precious Gemstones

  • Bright shine enhanced by polishing and faceting.
  • How common in nature.
  • Purity of color.
  • Degree of resistance to mechanical damage and high temperatures.
  • Individual properties (color, shape).

How is the value of precious Gemstones determined by a photo?

Factors that determine the value of any Gemstone:

  • Rarity
  • Purity
  • Color and its shade
  • Structure
  • Surface shape (slate or shell)
  • Size
  • Weight

Unit of the weight of dredges. Gemstone – carat (1 carat = 200 mg).

The cost of selling Gemstones for jewelry with different names is determined not only by the natural qualities of the mineral but also by the skill of the cut. Real masters are able to achieve greater brilliance from less precious Gemstones, which will not do a less experienced specialist when working with high-end diamonds.

The main differences between precious minerals and semi-precious Gemstones

The main criteria are gloss and frequency of extraction in nature. As the name implies, gemstones are a classification of rare minerals from a relatively small family. This does not mean that they are all created by nature.

The list of semi-precious Gemstones is a list of manufactured minerals that are much more common in nature than precious while losing their unique uniqueness.

Signs that distinguish different types of jewelry Gemstones are:

  • Hardness: Here the limit is clearly set: precious Gemstones (see photo) have a hardness above 7 on the Mohs scale and therefore harder than quartz. Because there are few such minerals in nature, this makes them very valuable
  • Durability: Some precious gems with well-known names are resistant to weathering, others – easily decompose under the influence of various chemical factors.

Names of precious Gemstones by color and meaning

Nature has given us Gemstones of all colors of the rainbow and many shades from which it can go round and round. The flickering light reflected in the Gemstone structure reveals colors we never even dreamed of. This makes us realize that there are unusual color tones beyond our imagination.

It is enough to look at the radiance of diamonds to understand that transparent light is the greatest artist of all time. White Gemstones such as diamond, white sapphire, pearls represent purity, fidelity, and innocence. They are a symbol of happiness, harmony of soul and body.

Looking at the sapphire, you will find that the blue color comes in countless shades – from dark blue to a rich shade of sea waves.

Blue natural gemGemstones called topaz, aquamarine, blue diamond, turquoise, lazurite are associated with the endless sky, the depths of the seas, and oceans. They symbolize peace, truth, and youth.

The names of beautiful red gems (ruby, pomegranate, rhodolite, coral, tourmaline) symbolize love, courage, and self-confidence, as well as a lively temperament.

The meaning of all green gems (emerald, peridot, green sapphire) – is a description of eternal hope, bliss, goodness, vitality, and fertility.

Yellow types of gems – yellow sapphire, yellow topaz – provide wisdom, self-confidence, the ability to make the right decisions, contribute to happiness and fun.

What are gems?

The main types of natural minerals:

Diamond: the king of precious Gemstones, the legendary glory, dazzling beauty, and symbolism of which have been desired for centuries. Its name comes from the Greek word Adamus, which translates as “unbreakable” and hints at its strength and hardness. The diamond round cut is called a diamond and often adorns wedding rings as a symbol of true, pure, and eternal love. High-quality diamonds impress with their facets – enchanting with the play of light, transparency, and unusual brilliance. The value of the diamond is determined by Parameters 4C – faceting, weight (carats), color, ie color and transparency, ie purity. the length of diamonds is confirmed by the metrics and certificates of the most important gemological laboratories and institutes in the world: IGI (International Gemological Institute) and GIA (Gemological Institute of America).

Ruby: called the “color extract of the drops of mother earth’s blood”, is considered one of the most unique gems. It has long symbolized the greatest wealth and love. Its name comes from the Latin word “ruber”, which means red. But it comes in different shades – from pale pink to dark purple, reminiscent of wine, shimmering in the sun. Ruby owes impurities of chromium oxide to its beautiful color. It is this compound that gives the pigment, which is found in small quantities in the earth’s crust, making ruby ​​one of the rarest gems on Earth.

Emerald: This is a precious Gemstone, the green hue of which is difficult to describe in words – color, full of elements and depth. He has the dynamism and mystery that have captured these original Gemstones for centuries. “Emerald” is a Greek term that literally translates as “simple green Gemstone”;

Sapphire: perfectly combines a decent coolness and penetrating depth. It is one of the types of corundum, which is the hardest natural mineral immediately after diamond. Blue sapphire contains impurities of iron or titanium. It shimmers with all the shades of the sky observed during the sunset: from the beautiful warm colors visible in the west to dark blue visible in the east.

The ancient civilizations of Egypt and Rome considered sapphires sacred Gemstones of truth and justice. To this day, for Buddhists, sapphire means peace, friendship, and stability, it is considered a mascot of marital happiness.

Tanzanite: a Gemstone of the correct cut and frame. It impresses with its unique color, transparency, and beautiful shine. Although it is not as hard as diamond, it is considered scratch resistant. The fact that in just a few decades he became the embodiment of luxury and sophistication testifies to his strength and charm. He won the love of women of all ages. Its versatility is also appreciated – it goes perfectly with many outfits – black, ash, as well as with the appropriate depth of blue shades. It has become a tradition to frame tanzanite with tiny diamonds that give shine and allow you to fully show your fabulous charm.

What are precious Gemstones from natural ores?

Pearls: sea and freshwater. Most pearls are similar in shape to small spheres. There are also specimens of different colors of drop-, ovoid, or slightly flattened shape. Natural freshwater pearls are grown in reservoirs that meet the most stringent requirements and are adapted to the existence of different species of mussels. Most often, these pearls are extracted from rivers in China, Mongolia, Russia, and Canada, as well as from lakes located in North and South America.

Coral: precious beads of various sizes and shapes, which are often used by designers to make exclusive jewelry. It is a natural organic material derived from the skeletons of limestone corals, which make up the famous coral reefs and shoals with dense, unevenly branched trunks. Corals live in warm and hot seas. The largest colonies are on the shores of the Mediterranean. The most valuable are Algerian corals. In their natural state, their pieces are matte, and after polishing, they acquire an impressive glass luster. After extraction, they are sorted by thickness and size of twigs, color. Polished pieces of coral often have a spherical or oval shape, when using a smooth-cut cabochon. From coral beads make fashionable necklaces and spectacular bracelets. The most valued coral jewelry is bright red.

Aventurine: Has the effect of surface flicker. A very similar Gemstone was artificially made at a glass factory located in Murano, Venice. The imitation was called aventurine because by chance (per Aventura) copper particles got into the glass mass during melting and gave an extremely shimmering product. When a similar mineral was discovered, it was named the same. To this day, most Gemstones, called aventurine, are made artificially, but their beauty is not inferior to the mineral that occurs naturally in the environment. Its unusual decorative value is appreciated by the creators of jewelry and other jewelry, it is used in sculpture, interior decoration.

Garnet: The Gemstone, the beauty of which was valued in ancient Egypt, ancient Greece and other modern cultures. In the time of the Roman philosopher Pliny the Elder, red grenades were called carbuncles, which translates as “heat”. Due to its dark red color, it is associated with love, passion, and vital energy. When worn, it increases a person’s vitality, protects him from enemies. Positively affects the heart and circulatory system.

Turquoise: is one of the oldest gemstones with magical properties. It has an intense color that changes color from blue to green. Contains copper and iron. The more the second element in it, the greener the shade of turquoise. The most valued turquoise is the property blue color, which received the specific name “turquoise”. This group also includes amber, jasper, tourmaline, obsidian, alexandrite.

Semi-precious Gemstones Names

Get a variety of semi-precious Gemstones by properly grinding minerals, and then such treatments as:

  • Oiling
  • Color
  • Foil
  • Heating
  • Drilling
  • Filling

The most common names of semi-precious Gemstones:

Agate: the mineral chalcedony, a semi-precious Gemstone consisting of a mixture of iron and manganese. It is characterized by a large number of colors – from white, red, blue, gray, brown to black. Sometimes transparent and matte. There are many varieties of agates: landscape, dendritic, ribbon, serf, fiery, lacy, rainbow, star, ruins, cyclops. They are found all over the world.

Amazonite: is similar to jade or turquoise, and is often confused with them. It owes its name to the Amazon Valley in Brazil. Legend has it that the Amazon Indians gave people blue and green Gemstones. Their green color is due to the presence of lead compounds. Amazonite is mostly opaque, although transparent minerals exist/

Amethyst: is a type of quartz. Its color is not constant, it may lose its saturation due to exposure to the sun.

Bronzite: silicate. Its brown color is due to 50% iron content. It includes hematite, goethite, and magnesium. It is found in iron, biotin, quartz, feldspar, olivine, and almandine. Jewelry made of this mineral is few and little known.

Chrysocolla occurs in copper-containing products and precipitates from silicate-rich waters. It is often mixed with copper compounds and related minerals – quartz, lazurite, turquoise, citrine, cuprite, tenorite, hematite, and malachite. The mixture of brown and black colors is caused by copper, iron, and manganese. Chrysocolla harmonizes energy and brings balance.

Chrysoprase is a beautiful apple-green or herbaceous variety from the list of translucent semi-precious Gemstones of the chalcedony group. Its color depends on silicon or nickel compounds. With constant wearing, chrysoprase adds vitality.

Citrine: the rarest variety of yellow quartz. It is found in many igneous and metamorphic rocks, in granites and gneisses, where it is present in abundance. Purified by water and takes effect in the sun. It is considered a magic Gemstone and is used in esoterics.

Fluorite – a compound of fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine. The variety of colors (colorless, yellow, green, purple, violet, pink, black, red) makes it an ideal material for jewelry, bracelets, rings, necklaces. Fluorite can change its color under the influence of sunlight.

Hematite comes from the Greek word “heme”, which means blood. In jewelry, it is used not only as an element of jewelry, beads, or pendants but in powder form serves as a polishing powder, as well as a source of red dye. The natural colors of hematite are black-brown, gray-black, or black, but it is currently improving or changing its color.

Howlite consists of hydrated calcium borate. Opaque, sometimes white cream color with small gray or black streaks. Howlite can be cut into cabochons, balls, ovals, animal shapes, plants, and even skulls. It can also be drilled to create beautiful beads.

Labradorite is called the “temple of the stars”, it brings clarity of thought, revealing the wisdom of the universe. It is considered a Gemstone that brings relief from anxiety, hopelessness, and depression, replacing them with enthusiasm, self-confidence, and inspiration.

Malachite is found on the Earth’s surface. This is usually observed on snow peaks on mountain tops and in certain places where the rain has cooled very much and formed puddles of water. This mineral is very close to lazurite, a green or purple mineral that can be seen in Kenya. When this mineral is formed under the influence of heat, shades of green have many shades of green.

Onyx – a black or dark blue mineral that brings spiritual inspiration and clarity of mind, helps calm emotions, and facilitates their control.

Opal (translated from Sanskrit means “change”) – the most famous natural photonic crystal related to silicates. There are ordinary and noble opals of different shades, showing the property optical phenomena: iridescence, opalescence, the effect of the cat’s eye.

Thanks to the use of specialized equipment and modern technologies, the prices of semi-precious Gemstones of jewelry and costume jewelry are available to everyone.

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